THIS BUSINESS OF BEING A MODI ‘BHAKT’

I have been avoiding this issue as there is no sane way to speak about it which does not offend somebody. And being offended is a national pastime now. But it needs saying from a spiritual figure. Since none of the established gurus are doing it I am stepping up. So here goes. May Nataraja preserve me.

If you are a devout Hindu please do NOT say you are a bhakt of the Prime Minister. The word Bhakta is one of the greatest contributions of India’s spiritual culture. It represents an exalted consciousness and a path to mukti – liberation. It does NOT cover being an enthusiastic partisan of a politician. By using it in such a manner you have degraded and denigrated a great spiritual term.

You are NOT a bhakta. You are a partisan or a fan – which is the diminutive of fanatic. You are a chauvinist, after Nicholas Chauvin who adored Napoleon and refused to accept that Waterloo had taken place because – “The Emperor can never be defeated.” The word chauvinist has been ruined because the feminists overused it, but that crowd are all descendants of Bhasmasura so that is not surprising. Whatever they touch they befoul, but in the name of the Sanathana Dharma, why are you lending yourself to such besmirchment of bhakti? Without the spiritual effort needed, the requisite tapasya, you want the title for free?

One of the signature moves of the Breaking India forces is to demean and insult Hindu spiritual concepts as being nonsensiccal and trivial. In using the word bhakt in such a context you have handed them a crushing victory. You have fallen into a ditch they dug for you and the happiest people to see the use of this term will be the likes of Sagarika and her unspeakable husband, or the conversion agenda funded NGOS harridans like Trupti Deai and Teesta Setalvad. Evey sickularist and presstitute must be laughing their heads off every time they see this horrible usage in the mouths of their fiercest enemies.

Now this is not the same thing as picking up a insulting tag and wearing it as a badge of honor. When Hilary called Trump’s people Deplorable they reversed it in one day and made it a rallying cry. They took what was negative and made it a positive source of energy. When the word Bhakt is used in this careless unthinking manner you are taking a transcendental spiritual concept, a state of being that can liberate you, and dragging it through the mud and slime of party politics. That is unacceptable.

When this crowd began to chant “Har Har Modi” in the run up to 2014 it was to his eternal credit that he shut it down instantly. Quite apart from the trivialization of another spiritual chant there is a dangerous power in the phrase that would have devoured him. The chant is raised only in dire circumstances of war and actually it is ‘Hara Hara Mahadeva’ but it releases a certain sort of dangerous Power that is best left dormant unless the situation is critical. Fortunately he angrily instructed that such foolish demonstrations should cease and they did.

It is okay to be an admirer of somebody you think is a great man. When I saw him stand up to Vajpayee in 2002 who was mouthing liberal nonsense of ‘raj dharma’ I loved Modi instantly. I told everybody that this man was the future Prime Minister of India. This at a time when people doubted if he would get one year in the CM seat. Modi was the only success the Hindus had in the days of grahan that was the UPA calamity. So I get it, perhaps much more than most of you who clambered abroad the bandwagon only after his third term began. But your personal admiration does not trump the sanctity of sacred words or sacred concepts. So please stop this. Please cease describing yourselves as Modi bhakts. As Hindus you know better. You can and must do better.

Sarvam Shivamaym!

Sri Guru Rohit Arya is the founder of the Arya Yoga Sangha. He is a yogi of the Kundalini Patanjali streams  of Parampara and a Bhakta of Nataraja.

 

How service becomes virtue signalling

Have you noticed that when people start by speaking of their desire to do seva{service} it somehow, over time, becomes about their tyag and balidan {sacrifice}? There is a grim inevitability to this progression, almost like it is a natural part of aging or something. There is really only one answer to this virtue signalling. It is a rude answer but it is also true. “Nobody put a gun to your head and forced you. You choose to do this because it felt good. What do you want now, a medal?”
This is why I prefer the greedy and selfish. I don’t like them but I prefer them. They are transparent about their self interest, and there is no bear trap in waiting where suddenly you are expected to repay and reward virtuous actions of the past.
As a Guru I get a lot of this. People feel obliged to signal their disinterested virtue and desire to improve society. The moment I see the ‘Improvement’ strand in somebody I back away. That is how things are done in religious circles. Most organizations are held up by what is essentially slave labor, long hard hours of unpaid and unrecognized work but since it has cultural sanction, it is not seriously challenged. I consciously chose not to go that route knowing it would limit growth but I could not cast myself as a slave driver. Now I am virtue signalling! But I have never blathered about seva so I can risk it.
I freely confess I was shattered and disheartened when Narendra Modi of all people, got onto the moral high horse of sacrifices made. It completely demoralized me. Then I became angry. How dare he pull this stunt on us? If this is so important to you then take a leaf out of Nehru’s book and give yourself an award. But dont make such undignified exhibitions in public. This is the Congress playbook and we, quite reasonably, expected different from him. My personal take is that working between 14 to 18 hours a day or whatever the myth making number so beloved of fans, has left him with very little time to do serious sadhana. He probably got into the ‘this is karma yoga’ mindset. This man who was the most hard nosed and unshakeable personality is now weeping copiously at every opportunity, One RSS person complained to me about this new sentimentality on display and my answer was a} why tell me? and b} check out if the weeping fits occur on days near Pournami, the full moon. Of course they do. Modi had the karmic potential to become a liberated soul but this time round it has settled for being a great ruler. That happens in yoga all the time.
Now the point of this post is not our PM. I still think he is the best man we have – even if I think he has made a catastrophic blunder. So the fanboys and fangirls may please spare me their ululations and ignorant enthusiasms designed to bring me into the light. I do not abide sanctimony from anybody.

Sri Guru Rohit Arya is the founder of the Arya Yoga Sangha – a Kundalini based system of the Integral{Arya} Yoga. He is a Yogi, Author and Polymath.

Bheesma Pitamaha is a very odd kettle of fish

sacred-india-tarot-8-of-arrows

The founding story officially designated to be the reason for the catastrophe of Mahabharatha war has always struck me as peculiar. It makes no sense in an epic that is otherwise relentlessly accurate about human behavior. Consider the scenario – the young prince Devavratha finds his aging father has fallen in love with a fisher girl, whose father is withholding consent to the union. The old coot wants his grandson to be the next in line instead of Devavratha, and the crown prince not only renounces his claim, he swears eternal celibacy so that his children will not fight his step mother’s children. This Bheehma Pratigya – Terrible Vow – gives him a new name and a shower of blessings from the gods and his father. There is only one problem with this narrative. It is hugely improbable.

Consider who Bheehma was – son of the goddess Ganga and the foremost badass of his time. He held his invincible guru Parashurama to a draw in battle– and that avatar of Vishnu had wiped out 21 generations of Kshatriyas – so the scale of the achievement is staggering. Yet this man, widely acknowledged to be the most accomplished nobleman in eons, has a peculiar fixation on facilitating his father’s sex life. It is beyond creepy – it is such an incongruous note in all of Sanskrit literature. What guilt was he assuaging, if any? This thunderous haste to foreswear marriage and procreation, it never raised eyebrows? India has a superstitious obsession, to the point of delusion, about the supposed virtues of brahmacharya or voluntary celibacy. So Bheeshma has always been held as an exemplar instead of as a crank. There are natural celibates – Tesla, Newton and Vivekananda to name just three. It is not impossible, just rare. But Devavratha was always in line to marry and be fruitful. A fiery prince like him, when a smarmy fisherman is pushing his luck, is more apt to draw his sword and gut the fool rather than keep conceding point after point in this incredible manner. What exactly is going on?

He kidnaps the princesses Amba, Ambika and Ambalika to marry his half brother. Amba loves another man so he lets her go but that guy refuses to accept her. She gets his Guru Parashurama to order him to marry her and he refuses. He refuses!!! The man who is the pinnacle of the culture breaks its cardinal rule, obedience to the guru. Bheeshma fights his guru rather than obey – he knows his guru is the Avatar and he still refuses to obey! This is just about the most insane episode in Sanskrit literature and nobody sees it for the sheer magnitude of crazy it is. Again what the hell is going on?

Then years later, his half brother Vichitravirya dies without any princes to succeed. His stepmother Satyavati suggests he perform niyoga and beget princes upon his brother’s widows, a sort of Indian version of levirate, and he recoils again as if pushed into a snake pit. He had no problems attending the swayamvara of the princesses and beating all the assembled princes of India to win them for his brother but this gives him the willies. Satyavati turns to her older son, the Rishi Veda Vyasa, and he, a rishi no less, does not launch into lectures about brahmacharya but gets on with it. I think that is just superb. Our rishis were all sexually active men – and women. It is only now that this forcible celibacy is thrust upon them with the usual consequences. When one of the princesses, repulsed by his ugliness, substitutes her maidservant, Vyasa takes this unexpected bonus in stride with splendid insouciance. The child born of that was Vidura, the wisest man of his time. Years later Dhiritharastra also had a dalliance with a servant and that child was Yututsu who was the most decent of all the Kauravas and even fought on the Pandava side and ended up ruling as regent too. {Exactly how superior were the daasis of the time that they ended up having the virtuous and great children is another matter.}

To return to Bheeshma, this peculiar behavior he displays has another possible interpretation. He batted, shall we say, for the other team? Occam’s Razor – when a simple explanation exists that covers the known facts it is futile to keep creating fanciful explanations. Given what we know of the Greeks and the Samurai it is actually more psychologically plausible than all the vows and brahmacharya insistence. I do not insist upon it – it merely needs to be considered. Otherwise, from a cultural, even a spiritual context, his actions are completely weird.

The_Death_of_Bhishma

Everybody acts in the Mahabharata from motives that are completely clear; Bheeshma alone is perplexing. His supposed inflexibility on ethics did not extend to personal destitution in old age for doing the right thing. He admits as such to Yudhishtara on the ninth night of the war – “Eunuch like, I blabber, but Drona, Kripacharya and I have to repay the food we ate in comfort when we were with the Kauravas.” Now that is the real authentic note of the epic, human concerns, human weaknesses, not this queer unrelenting insistence on a strange vow nobody, least of all his father, had asked him to take.

Rohit Arya is a Yogi , Author and Polymath, being a Spiritual Mentor, a writer, a corporate trainer, a mythologist and a vibrant speaker. He has written the first book on Vaastu to be published in the West, {translated into five European languages} the first book on Tarot to be published in India, co-authored a book on fire sacrifice, and is the creator of The Sacred India Tarot {82 card deck and book}. He was the Editor of The Leadership Review, and on the advisory panel of Indiayogi.com, the first spiritual portal in the country. Currently he is the Director of Pro-Factor, a leadership and change facilitation corporate training outfit. He has been an arts critic and socio-cultural commentator for over two decades. Rohit is also a Lineage Master in the Eight Spiritual Breaths system of Yoga. He founded the Arya Yoga Sangha in 2013 and leads multiple meditation circles each week.

The videos of his talks on various subjects can be found here http://www.youtube.com/user/TheAryayogi

His blogs can be accessed here

https://aryayogi.wordpress.com/

http://actpersistintensify.wordpress.com/

http://creativeaye.wordpress.com/

http://zestandgrit.wordpress.com/

Brahma the forgotten creator god of India

brahma_g

The story of Brahma is one of the most puzzling aspects of Indian religious evolution, for a god who had bid fair for supreme status, and seemed poised to achieve it, suddenly fell in the regard of men and has almost no worshippers today. He has not suffered oblivion like the other Vedic gods who were his contemporaries. He has just shrunk into insignificance, the god who was once great and is now living off past glories. Brahma is the god who used to be. His place in the myths of India is pan-Indian, he is a constant presence in all of them but almost always he is merely the opening act for the cosmic crisis that will follow. It is for other gods to perform heroics and save the universe; other gods bring meaning and value to the lives of the faithful, not Brahma. Not any more at least.

This was not always the case. Brahma is perhaps unique in all the gods of India for never losing his primary function as the God of Creation. Every other god has evolved, changed, been assigned a different cosmic role but Brahma in all his various aspects has always been a God of Creation. This is an unchanged belief system for at least five thousand years in India now; India has never looked to any other god to bring forth creation. Other gods and goddesses may be nominally superior to him, but their part in Genesis stops once they produce Brahma. The real business of ordering and structuring the universe is always and forever Brahma’s. I believe this to be a unique myth structure in the entire world. No other Godly-function myth has endured so strongly with almost no change at all thus.

340px-Brahma_Statue_in_Prambanan In the Veda he is known as Prajapati, the All-Father, which is what Odin was called in Norse mythology too. He comes to our notice when he begins to people the universe with life forms engendered by an act of cosmic incest he is committing with his daughter. They take many animal and organic shapes and all the offspring take on the shape of the moment of copulation. Which is how a barren universe fills up with vegetable and animal life. This myth is not shocking by the standards of ancient cultures, many of which had as a Primal Cause an act of incest. However the other Vedic deities are not entirely comfortable with this action, but they are powerless to punish the All-Father. It is then that Brahma is overcome by the foe that will pursue him throughout the ages and will finally vanquish him – Rudra-Shiva, the dark outsider god, peculiar, outside the ambit of Vedic ritual, fearfully respected because grimly powerful. Rudra shoots his irresistible arrow at the Prajapati and wounds him into weakness, a punishment that reduces his stature. In this primary myth is already encapsulated Brahma’s fall from grace into an object of derision and the replacement of his values by the wilder and freer norms of Shiva.

By the time the Upanishads and the Brahmanas were being written, Prajapati was having trouble controlling his offspring who did not want any part of his mission to create, and instead chose to remain immersed in meditation. These were the Dakshas as well as the divine sage Narada, mind-born son of Brahma. In a fit of frustration Brahma curses Narada to fall and undergo the travails of human existence, for refusing to get married and raise a new race of humans. But Narada is a god too, as well as a great rishi, and he retaliates by cursing Brahma to lose his worshipers for this entire Cycle of Creation. It is only in the next Yuga that Brahma will again be worshiped. In this myth is given the first explanation for the loss of Brahma’s status, a matter that has lurked as an unacknowledged trauma in the Indian Psyche, for there are many stories which seek to explain away this totally unthinkable fact. He was the God of Creation, the All-Father and if he could fall, then what certainty was there in the universe. The second noteworthy aspect of this myth is the first acknowledgement in Indian thought that celibacy is superior to the expression of sexuality. With retrospective effect this notion served to tinge the original act of incest that Prajapati committed in even darker hues.

brahma-narada5 There was a time when Brahma seemed to have climbed out of this downward spiral. This was the time between the 3rd century to the 10th century. He was even part of the Buddhist pantheon at the time, as great as Indra, and the god who persuaded the Enlightened One to risk teaching what the Buddha regarded as a difficult doctrine that might confuse people. There were many temples built to him and I am reasonably certain there were some lost Puranas too. But once his decline was certain there was no incentive to preserve the texts and they died out. The Brahma Purana that survives today is named after him but it does not in any sense indicate his supremacy as a god. The only halfhearted exceptions are the Padma Purana and the Markandeya Purana. It was at this time that a key template in the perception of Brahma was created. This is the standard Brahma myth after stories of creation. There is a bellicose demon who performs great austerities and gains many boons from Brahma. Puffed up with this divine strength he assaults all creation and ascends to a temporary position of supreme dominance. The gods are cast out of heaven and hell is let loose on earth. At this stage one of the other gods – Shiva, Vishnu, the Great Goddess or any of their many variants take a hand and after some gory adventuring they destroy the demon. So typical had this become that Ravana, Hinduism’s Uber-villain, is actually the grandson of Brahma and always in good standing with him.

 

In the Pauranic period, Brahma, as befits a God of Creation, was granted Saraswati the goddess of learning as his wife. (See our section in Saraswati.) Brahma survived as an object of some respect by being aligned to Vishnu, albeit with a distinctively inferior status. He is supposed to perform his manifold tasks of creation while sitting on a lotus that grows out of Vishnu’s navel. This is a great degradation from his formal status as one of the Great Trinity, but Hinduism being an instinctual faith rather than an intellectual one, nobody seems to have realized what has happened. The conflict with the Shiva cult remained and Shiva is constantly visiting punishment upon the creator. Once he cuts off the fifth head of Brahma for his disrespectful and lustful behavior. In another version he acts just in time to prevent Brahma from acquiring supreme status. At one time Brahma did become the Supreme God. His fifth head began to glow with a luster that proved unbearably scorching for all the Worlds of Gods and men because it was shining with the light of understanding of the Vedas that it had heard from the other four heads of Brahma. Shiva therefore, to save the universe as well as to check such presumption, cut off this glowing head. Shiva is supposed to have pronounced the final curse that caused Brahma to fall forever from worship, an indication of the total triumph of the Shiva faction over the votaries of Brahma.

 

 shiva_ht74

 

The story is that Vishnu and Brahma were debating which if them was superior when Shiva manifested himself as a great pillar of fire with no end in either heaven or the nether world. Vishnu took the form of a boar and burrowed down for countless ages to seek the source of this strange fiery pillar. He failed to do so and recognized that Shiva was not only the pillar, He was superior to him. He gave up the quest therefore. Brahma however, flew up as a swan and came back many aeons later with the report that he had seen the summit. An angry Shiva curses him for claiming credit for achievements not his own. He is cursed with perpetual old age and the total desertion of all worshippers. That explains why Brahma is always depicted nowadays as a senile old man who is so decrepit you wonder if he is not going to expire instantaneously. But as our illustrations show that was not always the case with Indian art.

 

The furious Shiva is popularly supposed to have relented and allowed Brahma one spot on all the earth where he has a temple dedicated solely to his worship. This is the famous Pushkar temple situated in the middle of a lake and an unusually serene spot. However the common perception of there being only one temple to Brahma is untrue. There are at least four major temples to him still in use today. They are Pushkar in Ajmer, Rajasthan; Dudhai in the state of Madhya Pradesh; Khed Brahma at Idar, also in Madhya Pradesh and Kodakkal in the Malabar region of Kerala-Karnataka. Remember you heard it here first! I would not be in the least surprised if more temples came to light tucked away in remote and obscure spots. Brahma worshippers are not desirous of the limelight. In vindication of this hunch just recently, July 2004, I came to know of a fifth Brahma temple in the state of Andhra Pradesh. This temple is part of a group of predominantly Shiva shrines at Kaleshwaram, 130 kilometers from Karimnagar, and is in the middle of nowhere in particular, so that explains its anonymity. I am certain more temples exist to Brahma and will be discovered in due time.

 

Here is the complete list of brahma temples courtesy of Wikipedia as on September 16 2013.

 

Temples devoted to Brahmā

 

 

  • Chaturmukha(Four Faces)BRAHMA temple at Bangalore, Karnataka, India

 

 406px-Brahma_on_hamsa

 

 

Brahma is depicted as a four or five-faced man with four hands. He is the epitome of Vedic learning and hence has the Vedas in one hand, prayer beads in another, the sacred water pot in the third hand and a ladle for the Vedic fire sacrifice in the fourth hand. In some versions he is depicted with a bow. This would be consistent with mythology as the supreme weapon is a missile called the Brahmastra, and it is a much sought after boon of Brahma. His vehicle is the swan, like that of Saraswati, and his complexion is supposed to be red. The Male Trinity too are a Red, Black and White (primary colors of spirituality) trio like the goddesses are. A day of Brahma is a span of creation and lasts for 2,160,000,000 human years! Creation is in abeyance during the night of Brahma, which lasts for the same length of time and then the Cycle is repeated. Brahma lives for a hundred years thus, and then he too dies and all creation is finally dissolved. Only Shiva, Vishnu or the Goddess, depending upon your cult affiliation are eternal and bring about the next Cycle of Creation. His various epithets represent his ancient creative role. Amongst them are Sanat, the Ancient One, Adi-kavi, the first poet and Srashtri, the creator.

 

 

Rohit Arya is an Author, Yogi and Polymath, being a writer, a corporate trainer, a mythologist and a vibrant speaker.  He has written the first book on Vaastu to be published in the West, {translated into five European languages} the first book on Tarot to be published in India, co-authored a book on fire sacrifice, and is the creator of The Sacred India Tarot {82 card deck and book}. He was the Editor of The Leadership Review, and on the advisory panel of Indiayogi.com, the first spiritual portal in the country. Currently he is the Director of Pro-Factor, a leadership and change facilitation corporate training outfit. He has been an arts critic and socio-cultural commentator for over two decades. Rohit is also a Lineage Master in the Eight Spiritual Breaths system of Yoga. He founded the Arya Yoga Sangha and leads multiple meditation circles each week. The videos of his talks on various subjects can be found here http://www.youtube.com/user/TheAryayogi

 

His blogs can be accessed here

 

https://aryayogi.wordpress.com/

 

http://actpersistintensify.wordpress.com/

 

http://creativeaye.wordpress.com/

 

http://zestandgrit.wordpress.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Vamana Avataar

images

The first human form that Vishnu takes in his cycle of avatars is a deceptively simple and, at first glance, rather disappointing one. He comes as a little dwarf! Many fanciful interpretations of the avatar cycle being an embryonic theory of evolution have been bandied about. In this view, the Vamana or dwarf is evolutionarily correct, the first humans were indeed dwarfs as compared to our present stature.

The core story as narrated in various Puranas is simple. It is a highly expanded version of a single sentence in the Rig-Veda that,”Vishnu strode over this universe: in three places he planted his step”. By the time the Puranas got hold of that, it had become a great narrative. This avatar takes place in the Treta-yuga or second age of the Universe. The king of the Daityas or Asuras, one Mahabali (literally, greatly strong) had become powerful with the force of his austerities and he was showing up the gods in a very poor light indeed. They even had to vacate heaven for him, as they could not stand up against his might or his force of personality. It was very humiliating, but in terms of virtuousness they had to admit the Daitya had a better right to rule over heaven than themselves, who had habits and behaviors that were slippery and more than a bit reprehensible.

In this, Mahabali was very different from his notorious ancestors. He belonged to a family that was capable of causing trouble only on a cosmic scale and twice before Vishnu had to incarnate as an avatar to stop his ancestors from overrunning the universe. He was the grandson of the great Devotee of Vishnu, Prahalada. To rescue Prahalada and the gods from his persecuting father, Hiranyakashipu, the Narasimha avatar came in to being. And Hiranakashipu’s brother was the even more terrible Hiranyaksha, who had to be taken out by the Varaha avatar. So all in all, Mahabali had a very respectable pedigree when it came to universe conquering. However he was different in that even the gods had to accept his overwhelming virtues.

Nevertheless, they complained to their nominal mother, Aditi, the wife of the great rishi Kashyapa. Aditi’s fervent pleas convinced Vishnu to do something and remedy this situation, especially as Mahabali was beginning to show signs of being corrupted by power. He agreed to be born to Aditi and Kashyapa as a dwarfish son, so as to disguise the potential threat he was. By now Mahabali was having delusions of grandeur and he also thought that he was greater than the creator. For he was holding a great festival-sacrifice, and he announced that he would satisfy the desires of all who turned up. Vishnu appeared as this extremely charming little Brahmin boy. His speech and intellect captivated the poor unsuspecting Daitya, who wished to reward the little man for his formidable display of learning. He rashly and proudly promised to grant any wish of the visitor.

By now his guru, the wily and suspicious Shukracharya, had worked out that this Brahmin was none other than Vishnu and he was here to play mischief with the glory of the Daityas. He urged Mahabali not to go on with this fatal generosity, as Vishnu was sure to ask for something that would destroy them. Mahabali however, would not budge from his pledged word. Such exemplary fidelity to truth was going to destroy his race, and his guru was angry that he was putting his personal reputation above his duty to his people. This refusal to listen to good advice is indicative in the Hindu Worldview of a wilful desire for self-destruction. In any case, the dwarf was only asking for as much land as could be covered by three paces of his feet. It was almost insulting that he was asking for so little when the riches of the great Mahabali were at his disposal. However the dwarf answered that he who could not be satisfied with three paces of land would never have satisfaction in anything, with no end to his desires.

maha005 Mahabali promised him his three paces, whereupon the dwarf suddenly assumed a cosmic galaxy spanning size and covered the universe in two paces. The third pace was thus a debt upon Mahabali and he asked Vishnu to place it upon his head, as that is the most valuable possession he owned, Vishnu having already achieved dominion of all else. In some versions of the myth, Vishnu uses his three paces and covers the triple worlds. Mahabali is thus deposed from his position as ruler of the universe and Vishnu, like all good leaders of such revolutions, exiles the former ruler to the nether regions, called Patala. There is a sneaking sense of regret at such scurvy treatment towards a ruler who had done no wrong and kept his word to boot. Vishnu is supposed to have given him the eternal dominion of Patala as some sort of compensation for being cheated in such a fashion.

onam_festival In fact Kerala’s Onam festival is based upon just this aspect of the myth. Once a year, Mahabali comes back to see how his former subjects are faring, and they put on a gorgeous spectacle to reassure him and not cause him any unhappiness that his people are suffering! In this rather naïve outlook is clearly represented the fact that public opinion felt Mahabali had been done a dirty trick. That however, is the nature of Vishnu who is the Trickster God of mythology par excellence. One very unusual version of the myth says that Vishnu felt remorse at this treatment of a pretty decent king and asked him to choose between a place in heaven and hell. The only catch was that his companions in heaven would be five fools, while in hell he could have five intelligent and wise sinners. Mahabali chooses the latter feeling that hell is the company of stupid people. Vishnu was enchanted by this perception and granted him the dominion of Patala. So strongly is the injustice done to Mahabali felt that it is also written that he will ascend to the position of the leader of the gods, Indra, in due course after the present incumbent’s term is over.

In this myth there is also a curious aspect of the Avatar cycle which is passed over, and that is the fact that some avatars are double avatars. The Vamana form is what the avatar is known as, but when he transcends it and grows, he becomes Trivikrama, the Triple Victor of the three worlds. In a sense therefore, it’s the most complete avatar, there is nothing greater than this. This is Vishnu’s greatest form, in no other avatar, not even as Krishna, did he ever manifest such glory. It also is an allegory on the latent potentiality in every living thing as well as a warning never to underestimate anything because of its appearance. The insignificant looking dwarf, a butt of ridicule and fun, turns out to be the World Overthrower. It Illustrates an old Sanskrit saying, Yatha Pinde, Tatha Brahmande. Which means, “As with a man, so with the Universe”. It is the same thing as the old mystical definition of man as a Microcosmos, which mirrors and is in essence the same as the external Macrocosmos. Or – As within, so with out; As above, so below and so on and so forth. We are all, in potential, the Universal Man.

Vamana Avatar However, this lesson seems to be slightly more than the average mind could easily take within and the Trivikrama form has only been used to illustrate the walls of temples, almost never worshipped. A sympathy with such a transcendental form would have caused a social revolution, and it was quietly put aside in favor of the more manageable Rama and Krishna or the placid Sleeping Vishnu

 

Rohit Arya is an Author, Yogi and Polymath, being a writer, a corporate trainer, a mythologist and a vibrant speaker.  He has written the first book on Vaastu to be published in the West, {translated into five European languages} the first book on Tarot to be published in India, co-authored a book on fire sacrifice, and is the creator of The Sacred India Tarot {82 card deck and book}. He was the Editor of The Leadership Review, and on the advisory panel of Indiayogi.com, the first spiritual portal in the country. Currently he is the Director of Pro-Factor, a leadership and change facilitation corporate training outfit. He has been an arts critic and socio-cultural commentator for over two decades. Rohit is also a Lineage Master in the Eight Spiritual Breaths system of Yoga. He founded the Arya Yoga Sangha and leads multiple meditation circles each week. The videos of his talks on various subjects can be found here http://www.youtube.com/user/TheAryayogi

 

His blogs can be accessed here

 

https://aryayogi.wordpress.com/

 

http://actpersistintensify.wordpress.com/

 

http://creativeaye.wordpress.com/

 

http://zestandgrit.wordpress.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kita Brahmari Nyaya the Law of Caterpillar and Butterfly in Yoga

Kita brahmari nyaya epitome

 Yoga has unique observations on the psychological process of change and about the mind and its power. “We become what we focus attention/emotion on” This is the Law of Caterpillar and Butterfly, or the Kita {the slug} Brahmari{the insect} Nyaya{ the law}. Buckminister Fuller  once mused that “ ‘There is nothing in a caterpillar which tells us that it will become a butterfly.” According to the Yogic tradition the caterpillar whilst in the cocoon meditates so intensely upon the form -the rupa- of the butterfly that it transforms from an ugly slimy crawling thing to an actualization  of beauty that takes flight! As a metaphor for the spiritual process and its goals this is just about perfect.

Yet Yoga insists this is not a symbolic statement but a literal truth. By intense focus upon a desired locus, human or divine, we are transmuted into the thing itself or at least a reasonable facsimile thereof! This is the theory behind Bhakti Yoga. Constant contemplation of, and mediation upon, the form or rupa of the deva or guru changes you forever. First you imbibe the qualities, then they infuse you till your very physical appearance alters, to say nothing of your personality and abilities. In India at least it is very common to meet disciples who have spent years with the guru coming to resemble him to an astonishing degree.

frawley 1

The great yogi and teacher David Frawley for instance looks just like Ganapati Muni who was an associate of Ramana Mahrishi!

Considering one is American and the other was a South Indian Brahmin and many years and no actual contact separate them, one concludes that there is something to this theory.

 7-manu-indiatarot

Paramahamsa Yogananda once said that he meditated upon the cocoon a couple of days before it was due to burst and he found there is a stage when the cocoon is suffused with light, everything becoming practically liquid light, before it congeals into the shape and form of the butterfly. The mystical artist Alex Grey seems to hold similar views from the evidence of this painting.

kita brahmari nyaya alex grey style

Light of course is the Prima Materia of Yoga, the foundation of life and its evolving cause.

The Daosit Master Chuang Tsu once had a dream that he was a butterfly flitting about. He ruminated on a consequent dilemma in front of his students ” Am I Chuang Tsu dreaming he is a butterfly or am I a butterfly dreaming he is Chuang Tsu?” The power of the Brahmari to provoke spiritual processes is ancient therefore.

Modern science has given us this scan.

Chrysalis_1

I leave it to individual judgments whether it confirms or refutes this theory.

In terms of spiritual growth and even simple change for the better, it is an intriguing path. Intense contemplation married to emotional intensity brings about the desired results. It sounds like all the manifestation systems out there and perhaps with good reason.

Sarvam Shivamayam!

Addendum on August 13th, 2013

The blog got a massively popular response but the best one was on Facebook from Spiritual Teacher Shivo Osho. I include his exchange with me here

Shivo Osho Rohit, I went through your blog and I faced the same dilemma which I have always pondered. I would request you to respond to my questions. You have mentioned “By intense focus upon a desired locus, human or divine, we are transmuted into the thing itself or at least a reasonable facsimile thereof! This is the theory behind Bhakti Yoga. Constant contemplation of, and mediation upon, the form or rupa of the deva or guru changes you forever. First you imbibe the qualities, then they infuse you till your very physical appearance alters, to say nothing of your personality and abilities”. Well, I must say what you had said is true. However, I cant understand this as the peak truth or peak realization. For me, the key question is “How do you know what to focus upon? What you want to become, does it come from your spirit longing or from your ego desire to become like someone? Can you really find out what your spirit longs for, till ego is still the driving force? Isnt it of utmost importance to first understand what your true nature is, before trying to become someone?” Also, about Bhakti Yoga, I have heard that disciple becomes like guru and I have also seen many examples of that in my own life. But again I fail to understand this. For me the key questions are, “Isnt it more important to be devoted to life / divine rather than to your guru? Isnt is more important to discover your unique existence rather than become what your guru is? Doesnt life want you to discover who you are and not try to become the photo copy of your guru? What will make life celebrate, you becoming like your guru or you discovering your own unique place in the cosmic scheme of things?”

Rohit Arya I totally agree with you! I was merely reporting the traditional perspective.It has not been said in the blog that this is the peak truth, merely this is how it works. I add here that the best gurus have disciples who are authentic originals. The next level have shisyas with great similarities while the least attractive are the clone factories. The longing to be like someone perhaps comes from the perception that they are more evolved than you? The idea seems to be that some improvement is better than none. Many schools will say that the guru is the full experience of Life so becoming like him is actually the peak. I do not think so but that’s whats they hold. They will consider your perspective to be droha – impertinence and sin! I am of your views on this with the small point that this was one of the ways yoga enabled people to manifest change in desirable manners. It works but is not complete in itself. All skills are needed on the path.

Shivo Osho Thanks Rohit, for such an amazing answer…
Shivo Osho Rohit, I spent a long time in an organization, where being total gurubhakt was the ultimate sadhna and gurudroh was ultimate sin. However, my realization is that ultimate sin is not to listen to life,what it has intended for you. Life never repeats itself, it has not even made two leaves of the same tree exactly same, so why would it want you to be exactly like guru? I realize the true guru is the one who inspires his disciple to tread on the path to discover his own uniqueness. True bhakti is to discover your own unique place in the grand cosmic scheme and fulfill that without interference from ego.
Rohit Arya I do not have a single thing to add to this! I concur absolutely.

Rohit Arya is an Author, Yogi and Polymath, being a writer, a corporate trainer, a mythologist and a vibrant speaker.  He has written the first book on Vaastu to be published in the West, {translated into five European languages} the first book on Tarot to be published in India, co-authored a book on fire sacrifice, and is the creator of The Sacred India Tarot {82 card deck and book}. He was the Editor of The Leadership Review, and on the advisory panel of Indiayogi.com, the first spiritual portal in the country. Currently he is the Director of Pro-Factor, a leadership and change facilitation outfit. He has been an arts critic and socio-cultural commentator for over two decades. Rohit is also a Lineage Master in the Eight Spiritual Breaths system of Yoga. He leads the Ka Sangha meditation group, as well as The Integral Space meditation circle each week.

A Yogic perspective to the Medusa myth

587px-Medusa_by_CarvaggioTraditional narratives and modern interpretations view the Medusa story as one of harrowing patriarchal unfairness to a hapless young girl. Viewed as Hindus see myth- as a teaching tool – it becomes a tale of redemption thru Grace after misfortune.

This is not a point of view I have seen espoused as yet so I will take a shot at it.

The Gods of Greek mythology were a pretty cruel bunch. Not even their own worshippers have ever seriously challenged this. Shakespeare summed up the general sentiment for all time in King Lear – “ As flies to wanton boys are we to the gods/ they kill us for their sport.” In this sorry collection of tyrants there was one admirable figure, perhaps solely by contrast. That was Pallas Athena, who was a symbol of high culture and intellect, instead of being driven entirely by crude desire as the rest of the pantheon seemed at most times. So her treatment of Medusa, who was originally a priestess in her temple, seems especially cruel and unworthy. The young girl was stunningly beautiful and had many suitors but she shunned all that for a life of service to the Goddess of the Spear, a role that required lifetime virginity. Poseidon, lord of the sea, desired Medusa and raped her in Athena’s temple. Furious at such desecration Athena punishes, not her uncle the Earth-shaker, but Medusa! She curses the poor girl to become hideous like a corpse, have snakes for hair and turn to stone anybody who looks into her eyes! This seems a toxic combination of male entitlement and victim blaming; Poseidon is excused, for virile male gods are not expected to act any different. WTF seems about the only reasonable response to this.

 601px-Medusa

Now classical scholars and feminists are united in their opinion that Athena seemed to always take the part of the Male values of Greek society. There is some truth in that, though opposing the Furies in their vengeance against Orestes could be seen as an intervention on the side of Law as against simple revenge.  The tendency to support the values of the system that grants you power is inflamed if you are a member of a traditionally devalued group, as women in the Greek world. That has always been the charge against  Athena. But the Yogic perspective offers another way to look at this whole situation. In Yoga the gods or devas are recognized as Vital Beings, super powerful it is true, but not the Godhead or Source itself. Some of them thus act in less than admirable ways. Athena has always been one of the more evolved devas so her actions in this case seem completely brutal and out of character. But the gods, no less than humans, cannot be psychologically inconsistent, so this might not be as simple as seems evident.

In Indian mythology the wrath of a God is a path to salvation!

Now this is weird, but if a God strikes you down then you are liberated. I propose a Hindu reading of Medusa and everything changes in meaning. Athena could not protect her priestess initially, so she later grants her power and safety beyond expectation. To become a Gorgon, to freeze men into stone, to literally petrify them, and live alone on an Island – none of this was very different from her life as a priestess to begin with. She was not to have sexual relationships then; now she is protected against any further violation. The granting of visual ugliness to women as a protection against male lust is a common theme in the bhakti stories of India. Medusa is also given power beyond  belief. Any man who approaches her is petrified for his temerity. Poseidon gratified his itch, but he emasculated a generation of Greek heroes. They would go up against this unconquerable being and lose. As long as Medusa lived, she was the strongest, the greatest; it must have been severe humiliation for the men. Athena made the men of Greece pay for their vanity and lust, again and again and again until she finally sanctioned a hero to liberate Medusa. That was Perseus.

768px-PerseusSignoriaStatue

Perseus is almost unique in the Heroic Age in that he had one of the few happy endings vouchsafed to a Hero. Immortal glory normally comes to the Hero at the price of a miserable or painful conclusion to a life of suffering. But Perseus is a favorite all thru; the gods tumble over themselves to help him, to advice, to give him magical implements. The Hesperides give him a knapsack to safely hold the head of Medusa. Zeus gives him an adamantine sword, Hades a helm of darkness to turn invisible, Hermes a pair of flying sandals… it is reasonably obvious Athena was extracting this co-operation as recompense for the desecration.  He sneaks up on the sleeping Medusa, viewing her face in his shiny shield, cuts off her head. He gains Pegasus the winged horse, who spurts from her blood, as a reward. Perseus uses the still potent head to freeze an unwelcome suitor to his mother and finally hands Medusa’s head to Athena, who incorporates it into her shield. Alexander the Great wore Medusa on his breastplate and she became a protector of thresholds all over the Greco-Roman world.

In Hindu myth the slain foe merges into the God as an attribute of his power. Thus the elephant hide and tiger skin that Shiva wears, the rooster that is Skanda’s flag, and the mouse that is Ganapati’s vehicle, are all peculiar devotees who chose the violent path of opposition  to the god and liberation by death at his/her hands. This final, and literal, seal of approval and liberation, by merging with the body or attributes of the God is a common trope of Indian myth. From a yogic teaching perspective, Medusa was a devotee who had a catastrophic misfortune owing to some negative karma, which was then rectified by the Goddess taking a personal interest in the matter.

Perseus get a happy marriage, after rescuing the original damsel in distress, Andromeda. He later founds the city of Mycenae, and dies in honored old age. So there!  Athena knew what she was doing.

Rohit Arya is an Author, Yogi and Polymath, being a writer, a corporate trainer, a mythologist and a vibrant speaker.  He has written the first book on Vaastu to be published in the West, {translated into five European languages} the first book on Tarot to be published in India, co-authored a book on fire sacrifice, and is the creator of The Sacred India Tarot {82 card deck and book}. He was the Editor of The Leadership Review, and on the advisory panel of Indiayogi.com, the first spiritual portal in the country. Currently he is the Director of Pro-Factor, a leadership and change facilitation outfit. He has been an arts critic and socio-cultural commentator for over two decades. Rohit is also a Lineage Master in the Eight Spiritual Breaths system of Yoga. He leads the Ka Sangha meditation group, as well as The Integral Space meditation circle each week